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Die 14K-Triade wurde als die weltweit größte Triadenbande in der Mitte der er beschrieben. Sie wurde nach dem chinesischen Bürgerkrieg von Anhängern der Nationalisten gegründet, die vor kommunistischen Chinesen flüchteten. Vermutlich um Die 14K-Triade (chinesisch 十四K, Pinyin Shísì K – „Karat“) wurde als die weltweit größte Triadenbande in der Mitte der er beschrieben. Sie wurde nach. woher stammen diese Zahlen? Triadenorganisationen in Hongkong sind beispielsweise: 14K-Triade ( Mitglieder, 35 Klans); Luen Group (mehr als Die 14K Triade ist eine der mächtigsten kriminellen Organisationen in China bzw. Hong Kong und ist besonders im Drogenhandel, der. 14K TRIAD GROUP · December 1, ·. Scammer 31A College Road Claremount WA. Shelley and James cheated a guy out of shower screen.
Gegenwärtig gehört die 14k-Triade zu den größten Heroinhändlern Hongkongs. Booth, The Triads: The Chinese Criminal. Fraternity, , p. 23 Chu, The. 14K TRIAD GROUP · December 1, ·. Scammer 31A College Road Claremount WA. Shelley and James cheated a guy out of shower screen. Die 14K Triade ist eine der mächtigsten kriminellen Organisationen in China bzw. Hong Kong und ist besonders im Drogenhandel, der.
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The 4 stands for the four oceans that surround China and ultimately, the universe. He was first hit by a car and surrounded by men armed with knives.
Tai Lung was slashed at multiple times and the suspects fled. Their escape vehicles were found, but torched. Peng Miaoji, the leader of a gang in Henan, cut the throats of 40 victims.
He was caught in and executed along with 7 of his men. The Golden Dragon Massacre put the triads on the map at least, in the mainstream consciousness in the United States.
This attack resulted in 5 deaths and 11 wounded. Of the five dead, two were tourists, and none of the 11 injured were gang members.
This event led to the creation of the San Francisco Asian Gangs division. It is reported that Sun Yee On has heavily invested in the Hong Kong movie industry , which is why gangsters are romanticized so often.
The rites would take place at an altar with incense smoke and the sacrifice to the gods of a domestic animal, such as a chicken or a goat.
If I, as a future member of this association, break this oath, the swords will descend and kill me.
Signifying the name of the association, three fingers of the left hand would be raised to the heavens as a secret and binding gesture.
There is a police task force dedicated to investigating triads in Hong Kong — they are the Organised Crime and Triad Bureau.
Ari grieves the loss of her sister deeply, yet she resists visiting the island resort where traumatic memories are repressed.
This gripping tale by prolific horror novelist, Holly Riordan, will keep you on the edge of your seat! Counsel for Yeung argued the autocomplete words are a result of […].
All tens of thousands of them? All over the world? On your own? They are expected to drink from a goblet that contains animal and human blood as well as the new […].
I would describe it as a mash-up of the Korean movie, Oldboy and a Triad bar in Hong Kong a friend once treated me too.
The main difference is this place has style, in absolute […]. Sign up for the Thought Catalog Weekly and get the best stories from the week to your inbox every Friday.
British authorities finally began to crack down on Triad activity during the early s and, although law enforcement had been battling the Triads for some time, their first insight on the Triad structure and influence in British society came during the trial of George Cheung Wai-hen , an assassin for the Wo On Lok turned government informant, who testified at the Old Bailey against six Chinese immigrants who were charged with possession of a firearm with intent to cause grievous bodily harm to rival Triad member Lam Ying-kit after a failed attempt on his life on September 7, According to testimony by Cheung, he also described his induction ceremony into the Wo On Lok which followed traditional Triad initiation taking place at around 2 am in the basement of the Princess Garden Chinese Restaurant in Greyhound Road, Fulham.
As a result of his testimony, Cheung was given a reduced sentence of five years imprisonment. Although members are recruited in the traditional manner, they also include prominent businessmen who either ally with the organization for their own protection or as full associate participants in their criminal activities.
Although they abide by the territorial urban districts of other Triad organizations, often centred around a Chinese cultural club or martial arts associations, they have been involved in extortion activities over areas as far afield as Truro and Great Yarmouth.
Based primarily in London and Liverpool , the 14k continues its traditional activities of loan sharking and extortion of Chinese businesses although they have also had a history of targeting other immigrant groups such as Indian and Pakistani running corner shops and small factories however, West Indians have been more likely to report incidents of harassment and intimidation than their Asian counterparts.
Much of the Triad's membership is made up of teenagers or illegal Chinese immigrants [ citation needed ] and there are now confirmed reports of non-Chinese and female members as well [ citation needed ].
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When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in in mainland China, law enforcement became stricter and a government crackdown on criminal organizations forced the triads to migrate to British Hong Kong.
An estimated , triad members lived in Hong Kong during the s. According to the University of Hong Kong, most triad societies were established between and and there were once more than in the territory.
The number of groups has consolidated to about 50, of which 14 are under police surveillance. There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong.
They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region. Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image.
After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active. On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.
The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.
According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations. The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong.
Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade.
Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai. Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s. During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece.
The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.
According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.
Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities.
The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.
Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.
Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.
Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels.
Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist. Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore.
Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities. During the French colonial period , many businesses and wealthy residents in Saigon particularly in the Chinatown district and Haiphong were controlled by protection-racket gangs.
With Vietnamese independence in , organized crime activity was drastically reduced as Ho Chi Minh 's governments purged criminal activity in the country.
According to Ho, abolishing crime was a method of protecting Vietnam and its people. Diem banned brothels, massage parlours, casinos and gambling houses, opium dens, bars, drug houses and nightclubs, all establishments frequented by the triads.
The government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam purged and imprisoned organized criminals, including triads, in the Haiphong and Hanoi areas.
With pressure from Ho Chi Minh's police, Triad affiliates had to choose between elimination or legality. During the Vietnam War , the triads were eliminated in the north; in the south, Republic of Vietnam corruption protected their illegal activities and allowed them to control US aid.
During the s and s, all illegal Sino-Vietnamese activities were eliminated by the Vietnamese police. They are often involved in migrant smuggling.
In Australia, the major importer of illicit drugs in recent decades has been 'The Company', according to police sources in the region. This is a conglomerate run by triad bosses which focuses particularly on methamphetamine and cocaine.
It has laundered money through junkets for high-stakes gamblers who visit Crown Casinos in Australia and Macau.
They cooperate with the police to impede the expansion of triads and other organized gangs. The Asian Gang Unit of the Metro Toronto Police was formerly responsible for dealing with triad-related matters, but a larger unit was created to deal with the broad array of ethnic gangs.
At the national and, in some cases, provincial level, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 's Organized Crime Branch is responsible for investigating gang-related activities including triads.
Asian gangs are found in many cities, primarily Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton. The Organized Crime and Law Enforcement Act provides a tool for police forces in Canada to handle organized criminal activity.
The act enhances the general role of the Criminal Code with amendments to deal with organized crime in dealing with criminal triad activities.
Asian organized-crime groups were ranked the fourth-greatest organized-crime problem in Canada, behind outlaw motorcycle clubs, aboriginal crime groups and Indo-Canadian crime groups.
In , it was estimated that criminal gangs associated with triads controlled 90 percent of the heroin trade in Vancouver , British Columbia.
From to , Southeast, East and South Asians accounted for 21 percent of gang deaths in British Columbia trailing only Caucasians, who made up The power of triads has also diminished due to the establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption.
The commission targeted corruption in police departments linked with triads. Triad organized crime. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
Learn how and when to remove these template messages This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
The 14K triad operating from Mong Nawng , near the border with China, has established a working relationship with the United Wa State Army in the sale and smuggling of heroin into China and Thailand.
The 14K has also trafficked Burmese heroin to Australia. The 14K triad has been involved in smuggling arms to Abu Sayyaf and has also reportedly cooperated with the Islamic group in laundering and transmitting ransom money, taking a percentage of the ransoms in exchange for their assistance.
The 14K is the largest Chinese crime syndicate operating in Thailand. A haul of kilograms pounds of heroin bound for the United States confiscated during an operation in Bangkok in January was attributed to the 14K.
In addition to heroin, the 14K is also involved in the smuggling and sale of the amphetamine ya ba ; using Bangkok as a commercial and trafficking base, they transport and distribute the Burmese-manufactured drug to the Thai narcotics industry.
The influx of other Chinese gangs and syndicates into Thailand has led to a series of turf wars between the 14K and smaller rival groups, fighting over territory in both Thailand and sections of neighboring Cambodia.
The 14K triad has been active in the Netherlands since as early as the s, when members of the gang controlled Chinese restaurants in numerous cities in the country.
The line established by the 14K is a direct connection with Hong Kong via Bangkok , the chief transit point. In the Netherlands, the 14K is divided into seven-to-ten-person cells mainly in Amsterdam that function as relay posts for moving heroin elsewhere in Europe.
However, authorities believe that Belgium now plays an equally important role; heroin laboratories that were discovered in the Netherlands have been reassembled in Flanders, with strong bases in Brussels and Antwerp.
A foothold in Belgium also has brought the narcotics traffickers closer to the money-laundering banks of Luxembourg. Their activities are very diverse, also including [besides narcotics] gambling and illegal workshops.
They also are developing money laundering, both small-scale restaurants, etc. Belgium and the Netherlands form two corners of a triangular narcotics route of the 14K Triad; the third corner is Paris.
The 14K is among the leading triads in France, where it has cooperated with Turkish , Albanian and Nigerian crime groups in heroin trafficking.
The first reported triad activity in Ireland came in July when the 14K attempted a takeover of a Dublin -based Chinese gang's protection rackets which led to a deadly gang fight resulting in two deaths.
Tony Lee, allegedly a high-ranking member of the 14K's Cork branch, was killed along with Michael Tsin of the rival Dublin faction.
Nine of the men were believed to have come over from the UK. During the operation, a hoard of weapons including knives, pickaxes, bars and clubs were found.
The reported criminal activities of the triads included the trafficking of women and children from China into Ireland, involvement in casinos, and money laundering.
The 14K has a branch in Spain, operating from Madrid. The 14K was the first triad society to arrive in the United Kingdom, emerging from the Chinese communities of London , Birmingham , Liverpool and Manchester during the post-war period.
Although nearly all triad groups operating in the UK at the time were affiliated with the 14K, each operated independently of the Hong Kong 14K and generally viewed each other as rivals.
Other triad societies did not arrive in the country until when the Labour Party encouraged large-scale immigration, bringing a huge influx of Hong Kong diaspora.
While active predominantly in Birmingham and the north of England ,  the 14K also has a strong presence in London where they have been involved in turf wars with their rival Wo Shing Wo as well as Fujianese snakehead gangs.
The 14K has been among the most active triad societies in Canada,  maintaining a chapter in Toronto. In , the Criminal Intelligence Service Canada CISC estimated the number of members in the 14K's Toronto branch at , with around 40 criminally active in heroin trafficking, migrant smuggling, theft and extortion.
Intelligence reports from the Attorney General of Mexico and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency have indicated that the 14K triad is among the suppliers of raw materials used in the manufacturing of methamphetamine to the Sinaloa Cartel.
In Queens, he oversaw heroin dealing, illegal gambling, a luxury car-theft ring, extortion rackets and immigrant smuggling. Ma ordered numerous killings to protect his criminal enterprise.
In , he fled to China to avoid detection by police, but later returned to the U. In , he was convicted of murder and narcotics charges and sentenced to life in prison.
The 14K is among the main groups responsible for heroin trafficking in Australia. New Zealand police have stated that the 14K is the most powerful Asian crime syndicate operating in the country, where they are involved in the importation of pseudoephedrine a chemical precursor in the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine from Hong Kong and mainland China which they sell to local drug trafficking gangs, the Head Hunters and the Hells Angels.
In August , the 14K was allegedly involved in a high-profile kidnapping of a Chinese family near Papatoetoe , Auckland. The plan was to demand a ransom, but they were found before the money was paid.
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